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Placenta plays dual role during pregnancy, regulating both fetal development and the maternal brain, study finds


The placenta is a vital part of a successful pregnancy, providing oxygen and nutrients to a growing fetus while also getting rid of waste products. This temporary organ has long been thought to influence the brains of both the mother and the fetus, but until now, no clear evidence of the purpose o... Read More

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Study examines the effects of weight loss surgery between pregnancies


During 2002–2014, there was a 13-fold increase in weight loss surgeries among women aged 15–44 years in New South Wales, Australia, and undergoing such surgery between a first and second pregnancy was associated with lower risks of hypertension, preterm birth, and other outcomes in the seco... Read More

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Beverage guidelines for children younger than five years


New consensus guidelines from key national health and nutrition organizations in the United States recommend only breast milk or infant formula for infants-age <6 months; small amounts of plain fluoridated water may be offered to infants age 6 to 12 months. After weaning from breastfeeding, f... Read More

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Long-term effects of statins in children with familial hypercholesterolemia


For individuals with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), it is uncertain whether initiating statin therapy during childhood reduces the long-term risk of developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, because longitudinal data have generally been lacking. A recent report from a 20-year follo... Read More

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5 Prenatal Yoga Poses to Ease Discomfort and Stress


Practicing yoga can also help mitigate the stress that women feel about their pregnancy and improve their mental outlook. Yoga has multiple components; it helps you learn to breathe, stretch and relax.  Here are some of the ways a woman's body and mental outlook are transformed during pregna... Read More

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Preventative antibiotics after assisted childbirth almost halve maternal infection rate and reduce overall antibiotic use


Giving a single dose of preventative antibiotics to all women after childbirth involving forceps or vacuum extraction could prevent almost half of maternal infections including sepsis -- equivalent to over 7,000 maternal infections every year in the UK, and around 5,000 in the USA."Pregnancy-associa... Read More

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The fetal brain possesses adult-like networks : How the organization of brain networks is established during gestation


The brain functions as a complex network of regions that communicate with each other, known as the functional connectome. During fetal development, the functional connectome begins to take form as early as the late second trimester of pregnancy.

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Transient wave of hematopoietic stem cell production in late fetuses and young adults


A major challenge in regenerative medicine is producing tailor-made hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) for transplantation. For this we need a better understanding of where, when and how HSCs are produced in vivo. Scientists have now discovered a new hematopoietic wave in the bone marrow that fills the... Read More

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Lack of oxygen doesn't kill infant brain cells


Nearly 15 million babies are born prematurely, or before 37 weeks of pregnancy, around the world each year. When born too early, a baby's immature respiratory center in the brain often fails to signal it to breathe, resulting in low oxygen levels, or hypoxia, in the brain.Research published in th... Read More

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Acute cerebellar ataxia


Ataxia means the loss of coordination of body movements. Acute cerebellar ataxia is a disorder in children that causes a sudden loss of coordination.It is relatively prevalent in children, especially following an infection or serious illness. Most cases resolve without specific treatment.Symptom... Read More

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Dolutegravir in pregnancy and neural tube defects


Preliminary data from an observational study of pregnant women with HIV in Botswana previously suggested a potential association between maternal dolutegravir use at the time of conception and neural tube defects in the infants. However, in the final results of the study, which included a larger... Read More

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New guideline on managing iron deficiency in pregnancy


Pregnant women are routinely tested for anemia, as iron-deficiency anemia is common in pregnancy. Screening for iron deficiency in the absence of anemia is more controversial. A new guideline from the United Kingdom reviews the scope of the problem and provides recommendations for testing and tr... Read More

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Makena not effective for reducing spontaneous preterm birth


Progesterone is administered to pregnant women in the second and third trimesters to reduce the risk of recurrent spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB), but emerging data have not confirmed the efficacy reported in earlier trials. In a multicenter international trial (PROLONG) including over 1700 wom... Read More

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Cause of Endometriosis and interesting facts about them!!


Endometriosis is an inflammatory disease where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus (called the endometrium) is found outside the uterus, causing pelvic pain and/or infertility.The new paper comes from a UK team studying the mechanisms behind pain in endometriosis, mostly in mic... Read More

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Child and Adolescent Behavioral Health


Adolescence (10–19 years) is a unique and formative time. Whilst most adolescents have good mental health, multiple physical, emotional and social changes, including exposure to poverty, abuse, or violence, can make adolescents vulnerable to mental health problems. Worldwide 10-20% of children... Read More

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Oncofertility and Fertility Preservation


Oncofertility refers to the medical field that bridges the specialties of oncology and reproductive endocrinology with the purpose of maximizing the reproductive potential of cancer patients and survivors

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neonatology and neonatal


Although your pediatrician can solve most health problems of newborns, a Neonatologist is trained specifically to handle the most complex and high-risk situations.If your newborn is premature or has a serious illness, injury, or birth defect, a neonatologist may assist at the time of delivery a... Read More

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Pediatrics & Pediatric Primary Care


Primary health care is described as accessible and affordable, first contact, continuous and comprehensive, and coordinated to meet the health needs of the individual and the family being served.Pediatric primary health care encompasses health supervision and anticipatory guidance; monitoring physic... Read More

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CHILDHOOD OBESITY: WHAT CAN WE DO?


It’s no secret that children all over the world are putting on too much weight; in the US, an astonishing 1/3 of children are overweight or obese. Being overweight as a child can lead to many diseases as an adult, including heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, high blood pressure, and some cancer... Read More

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